Kundan Jewellery is a traditional Asian gemstone jewellery, a method of
gem setting in a jewellery piece, consisting of inserting gold foil between the
stones and its mount, usually used to create elaborate necklaces believed to
have originated in the royal courts of Rajasthan. It is the oldest
form of Kundan Jewellery made and worn in India.
Kundan Meena Jewellery, also known as
Bikaneri or Jaipuri jewellery, is popular variation in Kundan Jewellery, where in
enameling with vivid colours and design is on the reverse, while the Kundan Jewellery setting in the front. The city of Jaipur in Rajasthan has traditionally been the
centre for Kundan Jewellery in India.
It flourished in greatly in the Mughal era as it received royal patronage with the most intricate form of Indian Gem Stone,
and is the oldest form of jewellery made and worn in India, still in use.
Over the years the Kundan Jewellery of the courts was successfully copied in silver in Rajasthan, Bihar and the Punjab states
and became popular with common man as well. Even today,
it remains an integral part of traditional wedding trousseau for a bride, especially as traditional settings such as Kundan Jewellery,
thappa and ras rawa are experiencing a revival. Most recently, in the 2008 epic film, Jodhaa Akbar,
the lead character portrayed by Aishwariya Rai was shown extensively wearing Kundan Jewellery,
highlighting its lasting influence in royal Rajasthani jewellery.
In 2006, "American diamond" and Kundan Jewellery contribute the largest share of both value and volume market (73 per cent) in Indian Kundan Jewellery market.
The word Kundan means highly refined gold, the Kundan Jewellery uses excessively refined purest form of molten gold to set stones etc.